Climbing Kilimanjaro & Tanzania Safaris

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About Mount Kilimanjaro

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Posted by kilimanjarotanzanite on December 6, 2009 at 2:20 AM

Mount Kilimanjaro.


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Mount Kilimanjaro is within Tanzania Northern Part.

 If you want to climb Mount Kilimanjaro, it is worth reading and knowing most Kilimanjaro facts. Some of the inner Kilimanjaro facts is known when you book a trip and trek to summit.

Kilimanjaro is located just (Location: 3.07 S, 37.35 E) near the equator, in the Tropical Country yet its peak covered by snow throughout the year. Rising abruptly from the open plains, capped by snow and frequently fringed by clouds, it is one of Africa’s classic images.


Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest Mountain in Africa 5895m/19340 ft. is the only Mountain in the World with the perfect symmetrical crater. Is the highest free standing Mountain in the World?

Mount Kilimanjaro has continued gaining its importance and hence recommended as prime climbing destination. In 2013, World Natural wonders organization run a competition vote among many Africa tourist attractions and Mount Kilimanjaro became among New 7 natural wonders Africa. Mount Kilimanjaro climbing trip is responsible travel adventure because Tanzania national park conducts ecotourism ethics such as conservation for sustainable development. 

KILIMANJARO is the highest mountain in Africa and the tallest freestanding mountain known to man. It is a mountain where you can hike for more than 90 kilometers, gain 4 000 meters in altitude, traverse rain forest, moorland, alpine desert, snow fields and ice cliffs, all virtually on the equator! A truly unforgettable and fascinating adventure. 

The Topography

Kilimanjaro rises from plains at approximately 2000 meters, right up to 5 895 meters. An ancient volcano, it now lies dormant except for some tell tale signs of fumaroles in the ash pit. Two other peaks, namely Mawenzi and Shira, flank the main peak of Kibo. These peaks form spectacular photographic backdrops when viewed from various vantage points along the routes to the summit.

The different routes to the summit pass through five ecological zones, being the cultivated lower slopes, Montane forest, heath and moorland, alpine desert and the ice capped summit.

The lower slopes of the mountain are mainly used for agricultural purposes.

The climate here is ideal for the production of coffee, an industry that Tanzania is famous for. Further up, a rain forest belt encircles the mountain up to about 2 00 meters. As you proceed higher, you pass through the heath which changes into moorland, semi-desert at altitude, progressing into total desert and finally into an alpine region with permanent ice glaciers. The higher slopes are covered with scree, loose stones resembling gravel, making it more difficult to negotiate. The main glaciers edging their way down the slopes of Kibo are Heim, Rebmann, Decken, Arrow and some smaller ones. These glaciers form the permanent ice cap of the mountain, although they are, as a result of global warming, believed to receding each year.

The Climate

Being only 3 degrees south of the equator, Kilimanjaro is influenced by the passage of the Inter-tropical Convergence Zone. There is a constant feeling of summer, and there are two rainy seasons to keep in mind. The highest rainfall occurs from March lasting until about the end of May. This is monsoon time. Slightly less rain falls during the short rainy period, which occurs from around October to November, but can extend into December. Apart from these factors, climbing Kilimanjaro remains fairly constant throughout the year.

The maximum rainfall occurs in the forest belt, where it can reach up to 2000 mm per year. At the summit, which can be, describe as a "high altitude desert", the rainfall reaches less than 100 mm per year. Rain (and snow at higher altitudes) can however be encountered at any time of the year.

The average temperatures at the foot of the mountain is 25°-30° C and on the summit, it can range from minus 10° -20° C. At 3000m the day temperatures range from 5°-15° C, and at night frost is normally encountered. Clearly a large variation, making it more interesting to summit the mountain.


How difficult is the climb-can I do it

When you have some budget for adventure travel, it is worthwhile choosing Mount Kilimanjaro. Kilimanjaro is among 7 summit world highest peaks and is easiest Mountain to climb. No skills needed to trek Kilimanjaro successful, It is non technical Mountain to climb. 

More than 22,000 climbers set out every year to conquer the Kilimanjaro peak. Several well-marked hiking routes lead to the summit of the mountain. To use the word "climber" is not always correct. Although none of these hikers routes really requires mountaineering skills, hiking to the "roof of Africa" is physically and mentally demanding and should not be under estimated. As much as 40% of those who set out to climb Kilimanjaro turn back before they reach Uhuru peak.

Today, hikers make up the bulk of all those who conquer Kilimanjaro, and the mountain is in fact one of the highest peaks accessible to hikers in the world. Of course there are extremely severe climbs available, including some grade 3+ climbs, but those we leave to the professional alpine climbers and experienced mountaineers. The information on this website is primarily concerned with the hiking routes, which "the average hikers" can follow successfully.

With the adequate preparation any reasonably fit person above the age of 12 years can reach the summit successfully, in fact the oldest person to date to reach the summit was a Frenchman Valtee Daniel at an age of 87!!

Preparation both physically and mentally is the keywords for success-- this web site contains valuable and comprehensive information obtained from 9 years of experience and through the feedback from more than 4300 clients. We believe it will positively contribute to your chances of successfully conquering Kilimanjaro.

Trekking Kilimanjaro begin through Chagga villages and then continues through Kilimanjaro nature forest.


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Price cost to climb Mount Kilimanjaro are affordable and it fits to avarage pocket budget of most climbers who wish to book trip.

History of Kilimanjaro climbing is below explained well.


Every travel destination has legend on how it was discovered. Mount Kilimanjaro snow cap can be seen from far away; hence many people can ask themselves what is that. Christian missionaries and trade explorers in East Africa decided to try to reach and know about snow cap. The missionary Rebmann of Mombasa in 1848, first reported the existence of Kilimanjaro.


In 1861, Several German missionaries started attempts to climb Kilimanjaro. These were Baron Carl Claus von der Decken and the young British geologist Richard Thornton (1838–1863). They climbed to the height of 8,200 feet (2,500 meters). Another Kilimanjaro trekking attempt was in 1862; Von der Decken tried a second time together with Otto Kersten. They trekked to the height of 14,000 feet (4,280 meters).


More efforts to climb Mount Kilimanjaro continued in 1887, at this attempt to climb Kilimanjaro, the German geology professor Hans Meyer reached the base of Kibo, but was forced to turn back, not having the equipment necessary to handle the deep snow and ice on Kibo.


In 1889 Meyer returned to Kilimanjaro with the celebrated Austrian mountaineer Ludwig Purtscheller for a third attempt. Their climbing team included two local headmen, nine porters, a cook, and a guide. The success of this attempt, which started on foot from Mombasa, was based on the establishment of many campsites with food supplies so that multiple attempts at the top could be made without having to descend too far. Then they did successful climbing to summit on October 6, 1889.


Best Season to climb Mount Kilimanjaro

The warmest months with the clearest trekking days, are from mid to late December, January, February, September and October. The rains often come in April and the start of May with the possibility of some snow.

June through to August are superb trekking months, though evening temperatures tend to be colder. The wettest months, are November and early December, where snow falls are likely. Note however, that as this is a mountain it is not impossible to get sporadic snow or rainfall at odd times throughout the year.

Many people like to arrange their summit around a full moon and Christmas and New Year are very popular.


Kilimanjaro Trekking Routes


Kilimanjaro trekking routes are; Machame route mostly 6 days, Marangu can be climbed 5 and 6 days, Londorossi/Lemosho 7 or 8 days, Umbwe 5 day or 6 days,Londorossi/Western Breach 8-10 days, Rongai 6 days , And 8 days Shira Exclusive fantastic route-through Shira Plateau from Londorossi gate is the most fascinating and scenic route up Kilimanjaro.

Machame Route

This is probably the most scenic and most beautiful route to the summit. The 6-day route is however physically more challenging than the Marangu route. The day walks are longer and steeper, however the summit night is one hour shorter. The scenic traverse of the Western Breach offers some stunning views! Only tented accommodation available, which can be less comfortable and will require a good sleeping bag and hiking mattress.

Machame route is recommended and most booked Kilimanjaro route. Climbing begin from first day to 3 day when tourists arrive at Shira camp. From Shira camp, altitude is not steep, is almost parralel across Barranco to Karanga Valley. This is time to acclimatize and gain energy to hike to summit.

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Umbwe Route

This route is one of the shorter but also one of the more difficult routes to reach Uhuru peak--but quiet spectacular. Umbwe is known for its caves. The first night you actually sleep at the Umbwe Cave Camp with two more caves that can be visited on route the following day. Also sometimes used as a descending route.

Shira Route

The Shira Plateau is one of the most scenic and most fascinating areas on Kilimanjaro. Depending on the weather conditions you can drive by 4 wheel drive vehicles, to within a 1/2 hours walk of Shira Hut (4000m). Even this drive is very spectacular indeed and offers some magnificent views of Mt Meru and the Great Rift Valley in general. Game is often sighted and the road features some striking vegetation changes ranging from forest, grassland, heath to moorland. The fast ascend by vehicle to about 4000m will require additional acclimatisation, after which it will be possible to ascend Uhuru Peak either via the Western Breach or via the Barafu hut.

Mweka Route

This route can only be use as a descending route for all the western routes.

Lemosho Route

It is a remote, unspoiled and very beautiful route to the Roof of Africa. The forest around the Lemosho Glades is rich in big game animals such as elephant and buffalo, which may sometimes require a game ranger to accompany climbers on the first day. This route is however a long route which requires 7-days for a comfortable completion, which also makes it more expensive.

Rongai (Naro Moru) Route

Rongai is the second easiest and gentle to climb Mount Kilimanjaroafter Marangu

You can start this route from both the Tanzanian side of the border or from Rongai in Kenya, but all park fees and arrangements must be made at the Marangu gate. The route may only be used for ascend and the Marangu route must be used for descend. There are several big caves along the route, which are used by the porters to overnight for the first two nights.

Rock climbing is adventure which are done on Kilimanjaro routes Shira, Northern circuit and Lemosho.


Important things that Help climbers Reach Mount Kilimanjaro Summit.

-Climb slowly to increase your acclimatisation time and maximise your chances of reaching the summit.

To avoid altitude sickness, allow a minimum of five nights, preferably even more for the climb. Take your time and enjoy the beauty of the mountain.

-Use Mountain Climbing Outfitter (Tour Operator) which is licensed. The Legal company have employed Well trained and experienced Mountain Guides. These Professional Mountain Guides are trained and licensed by Mount Kilimanjaro National Park Authority. They understand all safety conditions in the Mountain for care taking of Tourists.

-There are also Mount Kilimanjaro Rangers, these are employed by Tanzania National Parks and they work hand in hand with Mountain Guides mentioned above in cases of Rescue if any case arises.

-Since these Mountain Guides are well trained and experienced, please trust them for your safety. Listen to them and will enable you reach Mount Kilimanjaro summit. These Guides are Friendly and will tell you various stories and knowledge about Mount Kilimanjaro, they are so friendly.

-Take Enough Bottled Water with you. Water is very important.Kilimanjaro Travel and Safari Adventure Services will buy mineral Bottled Water enough for you.

-Also Chocolate and Biscuits with Glucose will help you on Summiting day. Kilimanjaro Tanzanite Safaris LTD will provide you with all these plus Rich enough food, including vegetables and Fruits. Our Porters and cooks will take care of you on Supervision of Guides.

-First Aid Knowledge and KIT is very essential. Our Mountain Guides and Porters are well equipped.

-We have enough Facilities to handle a traveling group from 2 people up to 48 people.

-Our Professionalism, experience and Reliability always is keeping improving as we serve more customers. Our % success is increasing as Many Tourists are satisfied with services and meet their dreams of going to Mount Kilimanjaro summit.



Categories: Mountain Climbing

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